Myanmar has an early civilization, a long and exciting history dating back to the 500 B.C (Thuwannabhumi - Thaton) and to the 1st century with archaeological evidences of the Pyu kingdoms of Beikthano (Visnu) (1st - 5th centuries A.D), Thayekhittaya (Srikshetra) (1st - 9th centuries A.D), and Halin (Hanlin) (3rd - 9th centuries A.D). Only when the King Anawratha unified the country and founded The First Myanmar Empire with its capital in Bagan in the early 11th century, Myanmar cultural and civilization had its full bloom since then. The empire lasted till the end of 13th century producing a glorious civilization whose monuments still endure.
The Bagan Empire was earlier than 20 years before the Norman conquest of England in 1066. The Second Myanmar Empire was founded by the King Bayintnaung in the middle of the 16th century with its capital in Hanthawady (Bago). The last Myanmar Empire was established by the King Alaungphaya in 1752, and had a number of capitals, the last being Mandalay. At the zenith of this Empire, the British annexed Myanmar in three stages, in 1825, 1852 and 1885 and became a British colony. In 1942 the Japanese occupied Myanmar till the Allied Forces returned in 1945. Under the leadership of General Aung San, all Myanmar was united and regained its long last sovereignty and independence on 4th January 1948 after more than 100 years under the colonial regime.
The new Myanmar (Burmese) government, faced many problems, but the declaration party, AFPFL, won the elections complete success in 1951 and 1956. In 1958, however, there developed a crack between the Prime Minister U Nu's followers and another faction in AFPFL, which hard-pressed the country to the brink of civil war. Upon the request of U Nu, General Ne Win set up an intervening military government and restored order. He ruled until elections were held in 1960, in which U Nu's faction won a complete success victory and he regained his premiership. As he could no longer control the political and ethnic disputes, Ne Win seized the government in a bloodless take-over in March 1962 to hold Burma together. General Ne Win and his Revolutionary Council wanted to transform Burma into a socialist nation, founded the Burma Socialist Programme Party and ruled the country until 1988, when large numbers of Burmese demonstrated against the government and called for an end to one-party rule.
The military had to take over the power since the whole country was in turmoil, and established the State Law and Order Restoration Council and allowed multiparty elections to take place in May 1990. The Council also changed the official name of the country from the Union of Burma to the Union of Myanmar. The Council followed market-oriented economic policy. The military government was simplified in 1997 and untouched its name to the State Peace and Development Council.
After 2011 election, our country has some change in political. The new government make some change in politic and relationship with foreign country.In April 2012 will held by-election and participate including Daw Ag San Su Kyi who the winner of novel prize. So, most of foreign country are interesting in our country to visit and to investment.
We are proud of our Myanmar cultural heritage and we wish to see you enjoy Myanmar's beautiful sceneries with our excellent services.
The land was also known as Suvannabhumi, â€œGolden Landâ€ in ancient times, and today, with its rich natural resources and diversity of attractions, it still deserves to be called the Golden Land. Myanmar is the largest country in the Southeast Asia region with a land area of 676,577 square km; it is slightly smaller than Texas, nearly twice of Germany and larger than France and Britain combined. It is bordered by People's Republic of China on the north and northeast, the Lao People's Democratic Republic and the Kingdom of Thailand on the east and southeast, Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal on the south and the People's Republic of Bangladesh and the Republic of India on the west.
The dominating color of the national flag is red. The rectangular space at the upper left corner is blue. In it could be seen the figure of a paddy stalk and a pinion encircled by 14 white stars of uniform size. The paddy represents the peasants while the pinion stands for the workers who form the majority of the people in the country, 14 uniform white stars symbolize the equal status and union spirit of the 7 States and 7 Divisions that constitute the Union of Myanmar. The white in the flag signifies purity; the red indicates bravery and upright nature of the people; and the blue stands as a symbol of peace and stability in the country.
Myanmar has a population of over 54 million (2003 est.) and the Bamar(Burmese) make about 70%. Yangon, the capital and the main gate way to Myanmar, has a population of nearly 5.3 million.
The term Myanmar embraces over 135 ethnic groups living together and speaking their own dialects. The major ethnic races are Kachin, Kayah, Karin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine & Shan who are descendants of three main branches: The Mon- Khmer, the Tibeto- Burman, and the Thai- Chinese, live in seven states and seven divisions in Myanmar.
Myanmar has a tropical climate. Temperatures of Mandalay, in central Myanmar is average 68˚F (20˚C) in January and 85˚F (29˚C) in July. Temperature of Yangon is average 77˚F (25˚C) in January and 80˚F (27˚C) in July. Myanmar has three seasons called Rainy or Monsoon, Cool and Dry, and Summer. The Summer is from late February to about mid-May. Even in low land likes Yangon, temperature exceeds about 40˚C. The Rainy Season lasts from late May to October. Rainfall varies greatly from region to region. If you wish to visit during this season, please do not forget to bring along the rain coats. The Cool and Dry Season starts from late October and ends in the mid-February. It is the most pleasant season for travellers.
The official language is Myanmar, the spoken language differs slightly from region to region and the minority ethnic groups have their own languages and dialects. English is spoken by many and is widely understood. Some Myanmar know French, German, and Mandarin.
Myanmar lies between the two great civilizations of the world, India and China, its culture is blend of both with the development of its own distinctive characteristics. Buddhism has a great influence on daily life of the Myanmar who preserves the traditions of close family ties, respect for the elders and devotion to Buddhist teachings. Myanmar People are known for their generosity, simple hospitality and with a blend of serenity and friendliness. Bagan and Mandalay are the seats of Myanmar culture.
The main religion in Burma is Theravada Buddhism which has been the official religion since the 11th century. About 90% of the Burmese people follow Buddhism. Another 4% are Christians (converted during the years of British colonialism, when missionaries were allowed; they have not been allowed in since Independence in 1948). About an equal number are Muslims; although the government claims not to practice religious discrimination, many Muslims have fled to neighboring Bangladesh in recent years, claiming that they have been persecuted. In addition, a number of tribal peoples practice forms of Animism and Shamanism. However, Theravada Buddhism is ingrained in Burmese history and culture and the country is often defined by it. Every town or village has a monastery, monks are highly visible throughout the country, and every hilltop or riverside, every clump of trees, seems to have a Buddhist shrine or pagoda. The easily recognized landmark of Burma is the Shwedagon Pagoda in the capital Yangon (Rangoon).
Installation of telephones and the cost of calling are prohibitively expensive for most people. To call overseas for two minutes would cost more than most earn in a month.
Telephones – main lines in use are 503,900 (2005).
Telephones – mobile cellular: 5,400,000 (2012) 
Telephone numbers in Myanmar are 8 to 11 digits long including the trunk prefix 0. In Yangon, the format is 01 MMM MMMM e.g. 01 243 5774 In Mandalay, the format is 02 MM MMM e.g. 02 33 655 In Nay Pyi Taw, the format is 067 MMM MMM e.g. 067 353 241 In other places, the format is 0AA MM MMM For mobiles, the format is 09 MMMM MMMM e.g. 09 1772 7978
The Internet in Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) has been available since 2000 when the first Internet connections were established. Beginning in September 2011, the historically pervasive levels of Internet censorship in Burma were significantly reduced. Prior to September 2011 the military government worked aggressively to limit and control Internet access through software-based censorship, infrastructure and technical constraints, and laws and regulations with large fines and lengthy prison sentences for violators. In 2015, the internet users significantly increased to 12.6% with the introduction of faster mobile 3G internet by transnational telecommunication companies, Telenor and Ooredoo, and later joined by national Myanmar Post and Telecommunications (MPT).
Myanmar Traditional Foods Because Myanmar has diverse geographical features, favourable seasonal conditions and is naturally endowed with fertile soil and water resources, it boasts an abundant supply of food in a great variety all year around. Myanmar people enjoy rice as their main food and it comprises about 75% of the diet. Rice is served with meat or fish, soup, salad and vegetables all cooked in their own ways, and some relishes to complement the meal. Most traditional snacks, which are rich in variety and taste, are generally made with rice or glutinous rice.